Urinary tract infection (UTI) is broadly defined as an infection of the urinary system, and may involve the lower urinary tract or both the lower and upper urinary tracts.1
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a leading cause of morbidity and health care expenditures in persons of all ages. There are > 50% of women who will have at least one UTI during their lifetime and most of these will require a physician visit and antibiotic treatment.2
UTIs are caused by microorganisms, mainly Gram-negative bacteria. Indeed, Escherichia coli (E. coli) account for most cases. Treatment usually involves antibiotics, and recurrence is a major concern.
Focusing on UTI prevention became a major goal because of their recurrent nature, increasing antimicrobial resistance and medical costs
Traditionally, cranberry has been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections. Research suggests that its mechanism of action is preventing bacterial adherence to host cell surface membranes.3
According to The Journal of American Family Physicians Cranberry appears to be a safe, herbal choice for UTI prophylaxis and has relatively good tolerability. The most recent studies have found that the use of cranberry for up to 12 months is safe and effective.
1 Urinary tract infection in older adults
2 The treatment of urinary tract infections and use of ciprofloxacin extended release.
3 Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections
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